What are Pecan Varieties (Experts Help?!)?
Hello, I am doing a project where I have to research a pecan tree, and I have no clue what a variety is. Also, I need to figure this out.
• Is it disease resistant
• Insect resistant
• Survive cold weather- appropriate for our climate
• Trees already here
• How the tree looks????
• How it helps the environment/ animals it supports and provides habitat for.
• Type of soil/ moisture (swamp)
• Maintenance difficulty of the tree species
Not necesary, but any tips?
Best Answer - Chosen by Voters
The variety is what kind of pecan you would be growing (the cultivar). There are several to choose from. Each has something to offer that makes it more appropriate for a given reason. Some are large and have thin shells while others are small but have a sweeter taste. Here is a site with more information:
From the site above:
Look over these varieties to get some idea of some of the choices you can make. Elliot - a protogynous tree that blooms and produces a crop early. The nuts run small, ave. some 75 per pound but with good fill. The shells are hard to crack but meats come out cleanly. Its resistance to scab is excellent, to leaf spot good, and to aphids fair. This is an older variety that has been a proven success.
Jenkins - a protandrous tree that produces large nuts early with some 55 per pound. It shows excellent scab resistance. The meats are well filled out.
Syrup Mill - a protandrous tree that produces medium sized nuts, 65 per lb., with excellent scab resistance. This is a new variety so data is lacking.
Farley - a protogynous tree that blooms late and produces thin shelled, very tasty nuts late in the season. It has good scab resistance, good leaf spot resistance, and fair resistance to aphids. The nuts are small to medium in size, 60 per lb., with a good fill and quality. This oldie but goodie is my favorite for ease of shelling and flavor.
Carter - a protogynous tree that produces early with large nuts, ave. some 45 per lb.. Its scab resistance is excellent.
Excel - a protogynous tree with large nuts, ave. some 45 per lb.. It produces early to mid season and shells out well. Meats are golden in color.
Sumner - a protogynous tree with large nuts, ave. some 48 per lb.. It is a late bloomer and late producer of good quality nuts with high fill. Resistance to scab and leaf spot is excellent.
Cape Fear - a protandrous tree that blooms early and produces medium sized nuts, ave. some 56 per lb., with medium to thin shells. Light colored meats with good resistance to scab and other leaf diseases. This is an older variety that is well known.
Good luck and enjoy!